Mortality and illness JSNA

Heart disease

The prevalence of coronary heart disease in the borough of Rochdale is 3.3 per cent of the population (Quality Outcomes Framework, 2021/22). This is above the national rate of 3 per cent.

What is heart disease?

Heart disease is one of a number of cardiovascular diseases that are conditions that affect the heart or blood vessels. It's usually associated with a build-up of fatty deposits inside the arteries and an increased risk of blood clots (NHS, 2016).

It can also be associated with damage to arteries in organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys and eyes. Coronary heart disease occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle is blocked or reduced, thereby putting increased strain on the heart.

This can lead to angina which causes chest pains due to restricted blood flow to the heart muscle, heart attacks which occur when blood flow to the heart muscle is suddenly blocked and heart failure which is when the heart is unable to pump blood around the body properly.

Risk factors associated with heart disease

Some risk factors associated with heart disease are non-modifiable, which means we can't control them. These include age (the risk increases as you get older), gender (before age 60 men are at greater risk) and family history (there is an increased risk if a close blood relative experienced early heart disease).

However, there are other risk factors that we can change. These include; high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, being overweight/obese, inactivity, drinking excessively and excessive stress.

Statistics on heart disease

Guidance and information on heart disease