Mortality and illness JSNA

Chronic kidney disease

The prevalence of chronic kidney disease in the borough of Rochdale is 4.4 per cent of the population aged over 18 (Quality Outcomes Framework, 2021/22). This is above the national rate of 4.0 per cent.

What is chronic kidney disease?

Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKD) is a condition that damages and decreases the effectiveness of kidney function over time. It's often associated with getting older but it's usually caused by other conditions that put a strain on the kidneys, such as high blood pressure, diabetes and kidney infections amongst others.

If kidney disease gets worse, wastes can build to high levels in a person's blood and make them feel sick. When kidney disease progresses, it can eventually lead to kidney failure, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to maintain life.

Kidney disease risk factors

Early detection and treatment can often keep CKD from getting worse. The two main causes of kidney disease, diabetes and high blood pressure, are conditions related to lifestyle behaviours such as smoking, obesity, high cholesterol, cirrhosis and liver failure.

People with CKD should try and restrict the fat, salt, protein and potassium in their diet to help control blood pressure. Getting adequate exercise and quitting smoking can also help manage the condition.

Statistics on chronic kidney disease

Guidance and information on chronic kidney disease