Chronic kidney disease
The prevalence of chronic kidney disease in Rochdale borough is 4.3 per cent of the population aged over 18 (Quality Outcomes Framework, 2016/17). This is above the national rate of 4.1 per cent.
What is chronic kidney disease?
Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKD) is a condition that damages and decreases the effectiveness of kidney function over time. It's often associated with getting older but it's usually caused by other conditions that put a strain on the kidneys, such as high blood pressure, diabetes and kidney infections amongst others.
If kidney disease gets worse, wastes can build to high levels in a person's blood and make them feel sick. When kidney disease progresses, it can eventually lead to kidney failure, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to maintain life.
Kidney disease risk factors
Early detection and treatment can often keep CKD from getting worse. The two main causes of kidney disease, diabetes and high blood pressure, are conditions related to lifestyle behaviours such as smoking, obesity, high cholesterol, cirrhosis and liver failure.
People with CKD should try and restrict the fat, salt, protein and potassium in their diet to help control blood pressure. Getting adequate exercise and quitting smoking can also help manage the condition.
Statistics on chronic kidney disease
- Office for Health Improvement and Disparities (OHID) - Cardiovascular disease kidney disease profile report - this cardiovascular disease summary profile focuses on chronic kidney disease (CKD). It includes indicators on prevalence, treatment processes, acute kidney injury, renal replacement therapy and outcomes.
- NHS Digital – Quality Outcome Framework - the prevalence of chronic kidney disease in the borough can be viewed through the Quality Outcomes Framework tool on the NHS Digital site. It also allows you to see data down to GP Practice level for a number of conditions including CKD.
Guidance and information on chronic kidney disease
- National Institute of Health and Social Care Excellence (NICE) guidance - Chronic kidney disease - NICE has produced a number of documents that cover CKD including guidance on assessment and management, dialysis, acute kidney injury and CKD in adults.
- NHS Choices - the NHS Choices website includes general information about chronic kidney disease including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, living with the disease and prevention.