Early Years Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA)

Health protection in young children

During 2022/23 child immunisation rates across Rochdale borough were generally better than the national average according to NHS England.

What is health protection?

Health protection refers to actions we might take to protect ourselves and our children from major health problems such as diseases and infections. We achieve health protection from vaccinations, antibiotics, screenings and monitoring outbreaks of disease.

Childhood immunisations

The NHS offers everyone many different vaccinations to help protect them from infectious diseases. The NHS usually gives the injections during childhood, in particular during the first few months and years of life. 

Common vaccinations given to young children include:

  • Diphtheria
  • Tetanus
  • Whooping cough
  • Polio
  • Hepatitis B
  • Haemophilus influenza type b
  • Pneumococcal
  • Rotavirus
  • Meningitis types B and C
  • Measles, mumps and rubella
  • Children’s flu
  • 4-in-1 pre-school booster

Statistics on health protection

Guidance and information on health protection