Deprivation covers a range of issues. It refers to any needs that aren’t met because of a lack of resources of all kinds, not just financial resources.
How is deprivation measured?
We measure deprivation in an area using the English indices of deprivation which looks at 7 factors to decide if an area is deprived or not. These factors are:
- Barriers to housing services
- Living environment
We use these 7 factors to calculate the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2015 (IMD 2015). The IMD 2015 gives the overall measure of deprivation experienced by the people who live in that area.
Why deprivation impacts our health
Studies show that people who live in deprived areas usually have poorer health and use healthcare more often than people who live in less deprived areas.
The health needs of Rochdale borough are shaped by deprivation. We have more health problems and poorer life expectancy. Not all areas of the borough are deprived and people living in the least deprived areas of the borough usually have better health.
Statistics on deprivation
- Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government - English indices of deprivation 2019 statistics - the main findings from the 2019 indices of deprivation can be found here, along with datasets for overall area deprivation and each of the subdomains and supplementary indices that are used to calculate the overall measure.
- Indices of deprivation 2015 and 2019 data explorer - the data explorer offers a more visual way of representing deprivation data by mapping each dataset for the whole of the country. Manually scroll to Rochdale or enter a postcode or local authority search to have the application zoom in automatically.
- Indices of deprivation area lookup - this resource can be used to identify postcodes by the area of deprivation they are in. Select a deprivation measure to use and the decile and a list of postcodes can be downloaded as a CSV or an Excel file.
- National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance - although there aren’t any NICE guidelines that focus solely on deprivation, there are many that look at the health inequalities driven by socio-economic deprivation.