Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) profile of the borough


In the UK, White British is the largest ethnic group, which means we often refer to ethnicities other than White British as ethnic minorities or Black and Minority Ethnic (BME).

It’s important that we have a deep understanding of the ethnicities in the borough so we can ensure we deliver the best services for your needs.

What is ethnicity?

In the JSNA, ethnicity or ethnic groups refer to groups of people who share a common national or cultural tradition. Ethnicity is, therefore, broader than race. It considers other factors, such as nationality, citizenship, skin colour, customs, language and religion.

Why ethnicity impacts our health

Our genetics, biology and culture impact on our health. Different ethnic groups, therefore, have different health needs. We want our health services to be equally useful to everyone who lives in the borough and not tailored towards one ethnicity.

BME groups are shown to have worse health outcomes compared to the rest of the UK population. Although cultural factors contribute to this, we must also look at the other social and economic circumstances which can affect BME groups, such as poverty, housing and environmental conditions.

Statistics on ethnicity