Working well Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA)

Economic activity JSNA

Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) identifies key issues affecting the health and wellbeing of our residents, both now and in the future.

In the borough of Rochdale, an estimated 71.1 per cent of people are economically active, including almost 95,300 people who are in employment. Around 4.7 per cent of the population are unemployed, which is above the North West average of 3.9 per cent (Annual Population Survey 2023).

The health benefits of being in employment

People in employment are healthier, particularly those who have more control over their working conditions. Ideally, residents of working age in Rochdale borough who are able to work would find meaningful employment enabling them to support themselves. However, this isn't always the case. This meaningful employment would support their mental wellbeing and allow them to build up income so that by the end of their working lives they're in relatively good health and able to enjoy retirement.

Health issues associated with unemployment

Unemployment is associated with an increased risk of ill health and mortality. There are relationships between unemployment and poor mental health, suicide, self-reported ill health and limiting long term illness as well as a higher prevalence of risky health behaviours including alcohol use and smoking among unemployed people (Office for Health Improvement & Disparities, 2023).

Links between unemployment and poor mental health may be explained by some of the impacts of unemployment: stigma, isolation and loss of self-worth. People with long term psychiatric problems are less likely to be in employment than those with long-term physical disabilities, despite indications that most people with severe mental illness would like to work.

Statistics on economic activity

Information and guidance on economic activity