The latest Family Resource Survey, which is the 2016/17 edition, estimates that 21% of the population has a disability, the same as recorded in the 2011 Census. This means there are an estimated 45,853 people in Rochdale borough with some form of physical or mental disability (Office for National Statistics).
What is disability?
The definition of disability in the JSNA is consistent with the core definition of disability under the Equality Act 2010. A person is considered to have a disability if they have a long-standing illness or impairment which causes substantial difficulty with day-to-day activities.
Some people may be classified as disabled and have rights under the Equality Act 2010 but aren't captured by this definition. Such people may have a long-standing illness or disability which isn't currently affecting their day-to-day activities.
Both physical and mental disabilities can lead to health inequalities due to the barriers they can present to accessing treatment. People in Rochdale develop long term conditions that affect their day to day activities earlier than their national counterparts.
Health impacts of being disabled
People with disabilities have less access to health care services and therefore may experience unmet health care needs. They're particularly vulnerable to deficiencies in health care services.
According to the World Health organisation and depending on the group and setting, people with disabilities may experience greater vulnerability to secondary conditions, co-morbid conditions, age-related conditions and face a higher rate of engagement in health risk behaviours and of premature death.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a lifelong developmental disability characterised by impairments in social interaction, social imagination and communication. Autism is a disability that has been recognised by the Equality Act (2010). It is not a mental health condition or a learning disability.
Statistics on disability
- Family Resources Survey - Disability - the Family Resources Survey provides facts and figures about the incomes and living circumstances of households and families in the UK, including statistics and commentary on disabilities.
- Office for National Statistics (ONS) Census 2021 Statistics - the 2021 Census remains the most up to date source of disability data that covers the whole borough population and it's best accessed using the ONS Nomis platform.
- Office for Health Improvement and Disparities (OHID) - Learning disability profiles - this profile provides a range of data about people with learning disabilities and can be used by health and social care commissioners, and care professionals to help make decisions about services for people with learning disabilities.
Guidance and information on disability
- Office for Health Improvement and Disparities (OHID) – Learning disability: applying All Our Health - evidence and guidance to help healthcare professionals to improve the health and wellbeing of people with learning disabilities.
- National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance – Learning disabilities - NICE has produced a number of documents that cover learning disabilities including guidance on challenging behaviour, care and support of older people with learning disabilities and identifying mental health issues.